Diesel fuel has an inherent quality of lubricity, this comes from the compounds (sulphur and nitrogen) forming a protective layer on metal surfaces required to lubricate the combustion engines fuel pump and protect injectors from wear.
The hydrotreating in the refining process of crude oil to produce distillate, is used to reduce the sulphur content, therefore the hydrotreating process can alter the compounds that produce the occurring lubricity of the fuel.
Also, the supply of varying types of crude oil can influence the quality of the diesel produced properties and characteristics.
As capital to cover the costs of the building of rail infrastructures and reliable electrical supply is not readily available, diesel-powered trains will continue to be a major consumer of distillate fuel for the foreseeable future requiring modern fuels lubricity to be maintained.
One of the benefits of the PFM Blue units, is the increased lubricity of the existing fuel, without any addition of chemicals, etc. The Photo magnetic processes improve the quality of the fuel, allowing the naturally occurring polar compounds to be optimised.
Not only does the technology keep the fuels lubricity at an improved level, but it reduces emission’s by assisting in the improved combustion of the fuel, reducing visual particulate matter and sulphur dioxide (SO2) or nitrogen oxides (NOx) produced through its incorrect burn.
This has a benefit to high volume fuel consumer’s such as rail transport, and heavy haulage but modern underground road systems in the area of air quality found in major population centres.